Costa Rica

Military:  Costa Rica

Military branches:

no regular military forces; Ministry of Public Security, Government, and Police (2011)

Manpower available for military service:

males age 16-49: 1,255,798

females age 16-49: 1,230,202 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service:

males age 16-49: 1,058,419

females age 16-49: 1,037,053 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:

male: 42,201

female: 40,444 (2010 est.)

Military expenditures:

country comparison to the world:  149  

note: includes public security and police expenditures (2012)

Transnational Issues:  Costa Rica

Disputes - international:

the ICJ had given Costa Rica until January 2008 to reply and Nicaragua until July 2008 to rejoin before rendering its decision on the navigation, security, and commercial rights of Costa Rican vessels on the Rio San Juan over which Nicaragua retains sovereignty

Refugees and internally displaced persons:

refugees (country of origin): 10,305 (Colombia) (2012)

Illicit drugs:

transshipment country for cocaine and heroin from South America; illicit production of cannabis in remote areas; domestic cocaine consumption, particularly crack cocaine, is rising; significant consumption of amphetamines; seizures of smuggled cash in Costa Rica and at the main border crossing to enter Costa Rica from Nicaragua have risen in recent years (2008)

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