Top Ten Main Battle Tanks #8

     T-90 (Russia)

The T-90 is a Russian third-generation main battle tank that is essentially a modernization of the T-72B, incorporating many features of the T-80U (it was originally to be called the T-72BU, later renamed to T-90). It is currently the most modern tank in service with the Russian Ground Forces and Naval Infantry.

Type Main battle tank
Place of origin Russia
Service history
In service 1991 – present
Production history
Designer Kartsev-Venediktov
Manufacturer Uralvagonzavod
Unit cost $2.77 – 4.25 million USD in 2011 (varies by source)
Produced 1992–present
Number built 1,667+
Specifications
Weight 47.5 tonnes (46.7 long tons; 52.4 short tons)
Length 9.63 m (31 ft 7 in)
Width 3.78 m (12 ft 5 in)
Height 2.22 m (7 ft 3 in)
Crew 3
Armor

Steel-composite-reactive blend

vs APFSDS: 800mm, with Kontakt-5 = 800-830mm; vs HEAT: 1000mm with Kontakt-5 = 1,150–1,350mm
Main
armament
125 mm smoothbore gun with ATGM capability; mainly 9M119 Svir
Secondary
armament
12.7mm Kord Heavy machine gun, 7.62mm PKMT
Engine

Model 84 V-84 12-cyl. diesel
V-92 12-cyl. diesel
V-96 12-cyl. diesel
840 hp (618 kW) for V-84 12-cyl. diesel engine
950 hp (736 kW) for V-92 12-cyl. diesel engine

1,250 hp (930 kW) for V-96 12-cyl. diesel engine
Power/weight

18.1 hp/tonne (13.5 kW/tonne) for V-84 12-cyl. diesel engine
20.4 hp/tonne (15.8 kW/tonne) for V-92 12-cyl. diesel engine

26.3 hp/tonne (19.8 kW/tonne) for V-96 12-cyl. diesel engine
Suspension torsion bar
Operational
range
550–700 km (340–430 mi) (depending on type of engine)
Speed 60–65 km/h (37–40 mph) (depending on type of engine)

Source 

 

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