Top Ten Main Battle Tanks #4

     Challenger II (UK)

Challenger 2 is an extensive redesign of the Challenger 1. Although the hull and automotive components seem similar, they are of a newer design and build than those of the Challenger 1 and fewer than 5% of components are interchangeable. Challenger 2 replaced Challenger 1 in service with the British Army and is also used by the Royal Army of Oman. It has seen operational service in Bosnia, Kosovo and Iraq.

 

Type Main battle tank
Place of origin  United Kingdom
Service history
In service 1998–present
Used by British Army, Oman Army
Wars Iraq War
Production history
Manufacturer Alvis Vickers, BAE Systems
Unit cost £4,217,000
Produced 1993–2002
Number built ~446
Specifications
Weight 62.5 tonnes (61.5 long tons; 68.9 short tons)
Length

8.3 m (27 ft 3 in)

11.50 m (37 ft 9 in) with gun forward
Width

3.5 m (11 ft 6 in)

4.2 m (13 ft 9 in) with appliqué armour
Height 2.49 m (8 ft 2 in)
Crew 4 (commander, gunner, loader/operator, driver)
Armour Chobham/Dorchester Level 2 (classified)
Main
armament
L30A1 120 mm rifled gun
with 52 rounds
Secondary
armament
Coaxial 7.62 mm L94A1 EX-34 (chain gun),
7.62 mm L37A2 Commander's cupola machine gun
Engine Perkins CV-12 V12 Diesel 26 litre
1,200 hp (890 kW)
Power/weight 19.2 hp/t (14.3 kW/t)
Transmission David Brown TN54 epicyclic transmission (6 fwd, 2 rev.)
Suspension Hydropneumatic
Ground clearance 0.5 m (1 ft 8 in)
Fuel capacity 1,592 litres (350 imp gal; 421 US gal)
Operational
range
550 km (340 mi) road (450km on internal fuel)
250 km (160 mi) off road (Internal Fuel)
Speed

59 km/h (37 mph)

40 km/h (25 mph) off road

Source 

 

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