The MGL (Multiple Grenade Launcher) is a lightweight 40 mm six-shot revolver-type grenade launcher developed and manufactured in South Africa by Milkor (Pty) Ltd. The MGL was demonstrated as a concept to the South African Defence Force (SADF) in 1981. The operating principle was immediately accepted and subjected to a stringent qualification program. The MGL was then officially accepted into service with the SADF as the Y2. After its introduction in 1983, the MGL was gradually adopted by the armed forces and law enforcement organizations of over 50 countries. Total production since 1983 has been more than 50,000 units.
The MGL is a multiple-shot weapon, intended to significantly increase a small squad's firepower when compared to traditional single-shot grenade launchers like the M203. The MGL is designed to be simple, rugged, and reliable. It uses the well-proven revolver principle to achieve a high rate of accurate fire which can be rapidly brought to bear on a target. A variety of rounds such as HE, HEAT, anti-riot baton, irritant, and pyrotechnic can be loaded and fired as fast as the trigger can be pulled; the cylinder can be loaded or unloaded rapidly to maintain a high rate of fire. Although intended primarily for offensive and defensive use with high-explosive rounds, with appropriate ammunition the launcher is suitable for anti-riot and other security operations. A newly patented modification allows the MGL to fire less lethal (very low pressure) rounds.
|Weight||5.3 kg (11.68 lb)|
|Length||778 mm (30.6 in) stock extended / 565 mm (22.2 in) stock folded (MGL)
812 mm (32.0 in) stock extended / 711 mm (28.0 in) stock folded (MGL-140)
775 mm (30.5 in) stock extended / 674 mm (26.5 in) stock folded (MGL-105)
756 mm (29.8 in) stock extended / 676 mm (26.6 in) stock folded (XRGL40)
|Barrel length||300 mm (11.8 in) (MGL)
260 mm (10.2 in) (XRGL40)
40×51mm grenade (XRGL40)
|Rate of fire||3 rounds/sec (MGL) (rapid fire)
2 rounds/sec (XRGL40) (rapid fire)
18-21 rounds/min (sustained)
|Muzzle velocity||76 m/s (249 ft/s) (MGL)
125 m/s (410.1 ft/s) (XRGL40)
|Effective range||375 m
800 m (ERLP ammunition)
|Maximum range||400 m|
|Feed system||6-round, revolving, swing out-type cylinder|
|Sights||Armson OEG Collimator sight in quadrant, M2A1 reflex sight (M32)|
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