Military:  Georgia

Military branches:

Georgian Armed Forces: Land Forces (include Air and Air Defense Forces); separatist Abkhazia Armed Forces: Ground Forces, Air Forces; separatist South Ossetia Armed Forces

note: Georgian naval forces have been incorporated into the coast guard, which is not part of the Defense Ministry (2011)

Military service age and obligation:

18 to 34 years of age for compulsory and voluntary active duty military service; conscript service obligation is 18 months (2012)

Manpower available for military service:

males age 16-49: 1,080,840

females age 16-49: 1,122,031 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service:

males age 16-49: 893,003

females age 16-49: 931,683 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:

male: 29,723

female: 27,242 (2010 est.)

Military expenditures:

country comparison to the world: 75

Transnational Issues:  Georgia

Disputes - international:

Russia's military support and subsequent recognition of Abkhazia and South Ossetia independence in 2008 continue to sour relations with Georgia

Refugees and internally displaced persons:

IDPs: 268,415 - 280,000 (displaced in the 1990s and 2008 from Abkhazia and South Ossetia) (2012)

stateless persons: 1,156 (2012)

Illicit drugs:

limited cultivation of cannabis and opium poppy, mostly for domestic consumption; used as transshipment point for opiates via Central Asia to Western Europe and Russia