Bosnia and Herzegovina

Military: Bosnia and Herzegovina

Military branches:

Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina (AFBiH): Army of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Air and Air Defense Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Zrakoplovstvo i Protuzracna Obrana, ZPO) (2013)

Military service age and obligation:

18 years of age for voluntary military service; mandatory retirement at age 35 or after 15 years of service (2013)

Manpower available for military service:

males age 16-49: 1,180,829

females age 16-49: 1,143,919 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service:

males age 16-49: 968,242

females age 16-49: 937,327 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:

male: 26,601

female: 24,879 (2010 est.)

Military expenditures:

country comparison to the world:  107   

Transnational Issues: Bosnia and Herzegovina

Disputes - international:

Serbia delimited about half of the boundary with Bosnia and Herzegovina, but sections along the Drina River remain in dispute

Refugees and internally displaced persons:

refugees (country of origin): 6,733 (Croatia) (2012)

IDPs: 113,000 (Bosnian Croats, Serbs, and Bosniaks displaced in 1992-95 war) (2011)

stateless persons: 4,500 (2012)

Illicit drugs:

increasingly a transit point for heroin being trafficked to Western Europe; minor transit point for marijuana; remains highly vulnerable to money-laundering activity given a primarily cash-based and unregulated economy, weak law enforcement, and instances of corruption